Basic Facts

HIV in Jamaica - Historical Timeline
HIV/AIDS became an issue in Jamaica in 1982 when its first case was reported. Currently, approximately 1.7 % of Jamaica's adult population live with HIV/AIDS. This represents about 27,000 people.
The numbers continue to increase island wide, with the parishes of St. James and Kingston and St. Andrew, being the most seriously affected.
The National HIV/STI Programme's priorities include:

  • Providing access to prevention education
  • Care, treatment and support for persons infected and affected by HIV/AIDS
  • Policy, advocacy, legal and human rights for Persons Living with HIV/AIDS
  • Monitoring, surveillance and evaluation to track the success of our efforts to control the epidemic
  • Advocating for a strong multi-sectoral response to the epidemic

The programme's approach emphasizes community intervention and face-to face communication to increase awareness, reduce individual risk of HIV infection and reduce stigmatization of persons living with HIV/AIDS and to promote safer sex practices. Through this approach, the National Programme has achieved a significant degree of success, particularly a high level of awareness and decline in the rates of Syphilis and other STIs. Increased condom availability and use also confirm the impact of the programme. One of its greatest challenges, however, is to have the population translate their awareness of safer sex into sustained behaviour change.

STD Control Program began

1930

ACOSTRAD Established

1970

First AIDS Case Reported

1982

AIDS Became Notifiable

1985

NAC Established

1988

National KABP Survey Conducted

1988/89/94/96

Medium Term Plan(s) Formulated

1st medium Term Plan

1989

2nd medium Term Plan

1993

3rd medium Term Plan

1997

STD Centres Strengthened Case

Manual Developed

1993

UNAIDS/TG Established

1995

Decentralization HIV/AIDS Program

1995

Strategic Plan Tabled in Parliament

1999

Knowledge Attitude, Behaviour and Practice Survey

2002

Knowledge Attitude, Behaviour and Practice Survey

2004

Knowledge Attitude, Behaviour and Practice Survey

2008

National Strategic Plan 2008 – 2012 Finalized

2009